MMC (Microsoft Management Console) Console files specify the snap-ins hosted by the MMC utility. Snap-ins added directly to the MMC console are called stand-alone snap-ins. A snap-in which extends the functionality of utilities already part of the console is called an MMC extension.

Open a pre-configured .msc file such as “Active Directory Users And Computers” or “Computer Management”:

From within Windows Explorer,

Right-click a .msc file then click shortcut menu command Author

The console Tree pane displays the collection of snap-ins displayed on the Microsoft Management [Command] Console can be saved in a .msc file.

Most administrators initiate the MMC by opening a custom MMC console file in /author mode by creating a shortcut which points to a command such as this (for a remote computer named C1):

%systemroot%/mmc.exe folder/file.msc /a /computer=C1

Remember that a message is not issued if the target computer is not set up to allow remote-computer management, so look at the top-level entry for a snap-in to confirm that you’re working with the target computer you want.

And since the MMC is the most frequent tool used by System Administrators, the link should be easily accessible on the desktop or on top of the Windows Start bar.

Specify General access options when creating msc file for Users (such as secretaries):

  • “User mode-limited access” allows users access only to areas that were visible when the MMC was last saved in author mode. It only has Action and View pull-down menus.
  • “multiple window” allows users to create new windows.
  • “single window” does not allow users to create new windows.

Administrators can define Group Policies to restrict or allow access to specific snap-ins or restrict the ability of a user or group to use author mode in MMC.

 

MSC File Name in WINNT\System32\ or other location specified Snap-in Name What is managed (Features) Note
ActiveX Control single category
Adsiedit.msc ADSI Group Policy Editor Installed as part of Windows 2000 Support Tools.
gpedit.msc Group Policy (Editor) Computer Configuration
User Configuration
each with Software Settings, Windows Settings, and Administrative Templates
dns.msc Domain Name Service dnscmd.exe
?.msc Security Configuration and Analysis (Editor) Compares a security database for inconsistencies against 13 preconfigured templates such as basicsv.inf (or your own) in WINNT\Security\template. secedit.exe
secpol.msc Local Security Settings Account Policies, Local Policies, Public Key Policies, IP Security Policies on Local Machine
dcpol.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
Domain Controller Security Policy same as above
domainpol.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
Domain Security Policy same as above
iis.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\ \inetsrv
IIS HTMLA is WEB-Based manager for IIS 5
sfumgmt.msc [Server For] UNIX Admin Integrates with Server for PCNFS or Server for NIS to provide user authentication of NFS (UNIX/Linus) clients. Allows them to access files on a Win 2000 Pro/Server computer.
dfsgui.msc DFS (Distributed File Services)
msinfo32.msc
in Program Files \Common Files \Microsoft \Shared \MSInfo
System Information
compmgmt.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Computer Management System Tools, Storage, Services and Applications
devmgmt.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Device Manager
FPMMC.MSC
in Program Files \Common Files \Microsoft \Shared \web server extensions \40 \bin
Front Page Server Extensions From Console Root:
certmgr.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Certificates
ciadv.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Indexing Service right-click My Computer | Manage | Computer Management | Services And Applications
dfrg.msc
in WINNT\System32\
DIsk Defragmenter
diskmgmt.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Disk Management
eventvwr.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Event Viewer Application Log, Security Log, System Log
faxserv.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Fax Service Management
fsmgmt.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Shared Folders Shares, Sessions, Open Files
ias.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Internet Authentication Service (Local)
lusrmgr.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Local Users and Groups (Manager) Users, Groups
ntmsmgr.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Removable Storage Media Pools, Physical Locations, Work Queue, Operator Requests
ntmsoprq.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Removable Storage Operator Requests
perfmon.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Performance (Monitor) From Console Root:
System Monitor, Performance Logs and Alerts
wmimgmt.msc
in WINNT\System32\
Windows Management Infrastructure (Instrumentation service) WMI Control
comexp.msc
in WINNT\System32\ \Com
Component Services From Console Root:
services.msc
in WINNT\System32\
{Services}
ADCADMIN.MSC
in WIN2000PRO \VALUEADD \MSFT \MGMT \ADC
Active Directory Connector Management
acssnap.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
QoS [Quality of Service] Admission Control
domain.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
Active Directory Domains and Trusts
dsa.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
Active Directory Users and Computers
dssite.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
AD Sites and Services
rrasmgmt.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
Routing and Remote Access
Sidwalk.msc* SIDWalker Security Manager Installed as part of Windows 2000 Support Tools.
tapimgmt.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
Telephony
tscc.msc
in Server WINNT\System32\
Terminal Services Configuration